Updated December 2016
Primary Publications [24] - Core Arctic-GRO papers written by project personnel.
Secondary Publications [36] - Papers written by 1) non-project personnel in collaboration with Arctic-GRO scientists, and 2) papers written by project personnel that take advantage of observatory data but are primarily associated with other projects.
Tertiary Publications [at least 38] - Papers written by independent investigators that 1) use the Arctic-GRO dataset directly, 2) use summarized results (e.g. average annual flux and tracer values) from the observatory’s primary publications, and/or 3) benefited from sampling opportunities provided by the observatory. This category does not include papers that simply cite the primary publications by way of introduction or discussion (there are hundreds of these), but more specifically identifies papers that use Arctic GRO data to support new analyses.


  • Bell, L. E., B. A. Bluhm, and K. Iken. 2016. Influence of terrestrial organic matter in marine food webs of the Beaufort Sea shelf and slope. Marine Ecology Progress Series 550:1-24, doi: 10.3354/meps11725. [download pdf] Tertiary
  • Benetti, M., G. Reverdin, C. Pierre, S. Khatiwala, B. Tournadre, S. Olafsdottir, and A. Naamar. 2016. Variability of sea ice melt and meteoric water input in the surface Labrador Current off Newfoundland, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, 2841–2855, doi:10.1002/2015JC011302. Tertiary
  • Brown, K. A., F. McLaughlin, P. D. Tortell, M. Yamamoto-Kawai, and R. Francois. 2016. Sources of dissolved inorganic carbon to the Canada Basin halocline: A multitracer study, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, 2918–2936, doi:10.1002/2015JC011535. Tertiary
  • Holmes, R.M., A.I. Shiklomanov, S.E. Tank, J.W. McClelland and M. Tretiakov. 2016. River Discharge. In State of the Climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 97: S147–S149. Primary
  • Karlsson, E., J. Gelting, T. Tesi, B. van Dongen, A. Andersson, I. Semiletov, A. Charkin, O. Dudarev, and Ö. Gustafsson (2016), Different sources and degradation state of dissolved, particulate, and sedimentary organic matter along the Eurasian Arctic coastal margin, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, 898–919, doi:10.1002/2015GB005307. Tertiary
  • Mann P. J., R. G. M. Spencer, P. J. Hernes, J. Six, G. R. Aiken, S. E. Tank, J. W. McClelland, K. D. Butler, R. Y. Dyda, and R. M. Holmes (2016). Pan-Arctic trends in terrestrial dissolved organic matter from optical measurements.  Frontiers in Earth Science. 4 (25), DOI: 10.3339/feart.2016.00025 [download pdf] Primary
  • McClelland, J. W., R. M. Holmes, B. J. Peterson, P. A. Raymond, R. G. Striegl, A. V. Zhulidov, S. A. Zimov, N. Zimov, S. E. Tank, R. G. M. Spencer, R. Staples, T. Y. Gurtovaya, C. G. Griffin (2016). Particulate Organic Carbon and Nitrogen Export from Major Arctic Rivers. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 30, DOI: 10.1002/2015GB005351 [download pdf] Primary
  • Nishino, S., T. Kikuchi, A. Fujiwara, T. Hirawake, and M. Aoyama. 2016. Water mass characteristics and their temporal changes in a biological hotspot in the southern Chukchi Sea. 2016. Biogeosciences 13, 2563-2578, DOI: 10.5194/bg-13-2563-2016. [download pdf] Tertiary
  • Pokrovsky, O. S. 2016. Measuring and estimating fluxes of carbon, major and trace elements to the Arctic Ocean. in L. Mueller et al. (eds), Novel Methods for Monitoring and Managing Land and Water Resources in Siberia, Springer Water, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-24409-9_6 Tertiary
  • Tank, S.E., R.G. Striegl, J.W. McClelland, and S.V. Kokelj (2016). Multi-decadal increases in dissolved organic carbon and alkalinity flux from the Mackenzie drainage basin to the Arctic Ocean.  Environmental Research Letters. 11 (054015), DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/5/054015 [download pdf] Secondary
  • Tesi, T., F. Muschitiello, R.H. Smittenberg, M. Jakobsson, J.E. Vonk, P. Hill, A. Andersson, N. Kirchner, R. Noormets, O. Dudarev, I. Semiletov , and O. Gustafsson. 2016. Massive remobilization of permafrost carbon during post-glacial warming. Nature Communications 7:13653, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13653. [download pdf] Tertiary

  • Alkire, M.B., J. Morison, and R. Andersen.  2015.  Variability in the meteoric water, sea-ice melt, and Pacific water contributions to the central Arctic Ocean, 2000–2014.  Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 120:1573-1598, doi:10.1002/2014JC010023. Tertiary
  • Escoube, R., O.J. Rouxel, O.S. Pokrovsky, A. Schroth, R. M. Holmes, and O.F.X. Donard.  2015.  Iron isotope systematics in Arctic rivers.  Comptes Rendus Geoscience, in press, doi:10.1016/j.crte.2015.04.005.  Secondary
  • Feng, X., O. Gustafsson, R. M. Holmes, J., E. Vonk, B. E. van Dongen, I. P. Semiletov, O. V. Dudarev, M. B. Yunker, R. W., Macdonald, L. Wacker, D. B. Montlucon, and T. I. Eglinton (2015). Multimolecular tracers of terrestrial carbon transfer across the pan-Arctic: 14C characteristics of sedimentary carbon components and their environmental controls.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2,  DOI: 10.1002/2015GB005204 Secondary
  • Feng, X., Gustafsson, Ö., Holmes, R. M., Vonk, J. E., van Dongen, B. E., Semiletov, I. P., Dudarev, O. V., Yunker, M. B., Macdonald, R. W., Montluçon, D. B., and Eglinton, T. I. (2015). Multi-molecular tracers of terrestrial carbon transfer across the pan-Arctic – Part 1: Comparison of hydrolysable components with plant wax lipids and lignin phenols.  Biogeosciences Discuss.. 12, DOI: 10.5194/bgd-12-4721-2015 Secondary
  • Holmes, R. M., A. I. Shiklomanov S. E. Tank J. W. McClelland M. Tretiakov (2015). River Discharge.  Arctic Report Card 2015. Primary
  • Lambert, T., Darchambeau, F., Bouillon, S., Alhou, B., Mbega, J.-D., Teodoru, C., Nyoni, F., Massicotte, P., and Borges, A.: Landscape Control on the Spatial and Temporal Variability of Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter and Dissolved Organic Carbon in Large African Rivers, Ecosystems, doi: 10.1007/s10021-015-9894-5, 2015. 1-16, 2015. Tertiary
  • Mann, P.J., T.I. Eglinton, C.P. McIntyre, N. Zimov, A. Davydova, J.E. Vonk, R.M. Holmes, and R.G.M. Spencer. 2015. Utilization of ancient permafrost carbon in headwaters of Arctic fluvial networks. Nature Communications, doi:10.1038/ncomms8856. [download pdf] Secondary
  • McClelland, J.W., S.E. Tank, R.G.M. Spencer, and A.I. Shiklomanov. 2015. Coordination and sustainability of river observing activities in the Arctic. Arctic 68, [download pdf]  Primary
  • Myers-Pigg, A.N., P. Louchouarn, R.M.W. Amon, A. Prokushkin, K. Pierce, and A. Rubtsov. 2015. Labile pyrogenic dissolved organic carbon in major Siberian Arctic rivers: Implications for wildfire-stream metabolic linkages, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, doi:10.1002/ 2014GL062762. Tertiary
  • Spencer, R.G.M., P.J. Mann, T. Dittmar, T.I. Eglinton, C. McIntyre, R.M. Holmes, N. Zimov, A. Stubbins. 2015. Detecting the signature of permafrost thaw in arctic rivers. Geophysical Research Letters 42, doi: 10.1002/2015GL063498. Secondary
  • Stubbins, A., R. G. M. Spencer, P. J. Mann, R. M. Holmes, J. W. McClelland, J. Niggemann, and T. Dittmar (2015). Utilizing colored dissolved organic matter to derive dissolved black carbon export by arctic rivers.  Frontiers in Earth Science. 3 (63), DOI: 10.3389/feart.2015.00063 Primary
  • Vonk, J.E., S.E. Tank, P.J. Mann, R.G.M. Spencer, C.C. Treat, R.G. Striegl, B.W. Abbott, and K.P. Wickland (2015). Biodegradability of dissolved organic carbon in permafrost soils and waterways: a meta-analysis.  Biogeosciences. 12, DOI: 10.5194/bg-12-6915-2015 Secondary
  • Vonk, J.E., S.E. Tank, W.B. Bowden, I. Laurion, W.F. Vincent, P. Alekseychik, M. Amyot, M.F. Billet, J. Canário, R.M. Cory, B.N. Deshpande, M. Helbig, M. Jammet, J. Karlsson, J. Larouche, G. MacMillan, M. Rautio, K.M. Walter Anthony, and K.P. Wickland (2015). Reviews and Syntheses: Effects of permafrost thaw on Arctic aquatic ecosystems.  Biogeosciences. 12, DOI: 10.5194/bg-12-7129-2015 Secondary
  • Whitefield, J., P. Winsor, J. McClelland, and D. Menemenlis. 2015. A new river discharge and river temperature climatology data set for the pan-Arctic region. Ocean Modelling 88:1-15. Secondary


  • Amos, H.M., D.J. Jacob, D. Kocman, H.M. Horowitz, Y. Zhang, S. Dutkiewicz, M. Horvat, E.S. Corbitt, D.P. Krabbenhoft, E.M. Sunderland. 2014. Global biogeochemical implications of mercury discharges from rivers and sediment burial, Environmental Science & Technology, DOI: 10.1021/es502134t. [download pdf] Tertiary
  • Hernes, P.J., R.M. Holmes, P.A. Raymond, R.G.M. Spencer, and S.E. Tank. 2014. Fluxes, processing and fate of riverine organic and inorganic carbon in the Arctic Ocean. In: Biogeochemical Dynamics at Large River-Coastal Interfaces: Linkages with Global Climate Change. Bianchi, T.S., Allison, M.A., Cai, W.J. (Ed.). Cambridge University Press. Primary
  • Jackson, J.M., C. Lique, M. Alkire, M. Steele, C.M. Lee, W.M. Smethie, and P. Schlosser.  2014.  On the waters upstream of Nares Strait, Arctic Ocean, from 1991 to 2012. Continental Shelf Research, 73:83-96, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.11.025. Tertiary
  • Mann, P.J., W.V. Sobczak, M. LaRue, E. Bulygina, A. Davydova, J. E. Vonk, J. Schade, S. Davydov, N. Zimov, R.M. Holmes, R.G.M. Spencer. 2014. Evidence for key enzymatic controls on metabolism of arctic river organic matter. Global Change Biology 20:1089-1100, doi:10.1111/gcb.12416. [download pdf] Secondary
  • McCrackin, M.L., J.A. Harrison, and J.E. Compton.  2014.  Factors influencing export of dissolved inorganic nitrogen by major rivers: A new, seasonal, spatially explicit, global model.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 28:269-285, doi:10.1002/2013GB004723. Tertiary
  • Perminova, I V., I.V. Dubinenkov, A.S. Kononkhin, A.I. Konstantinov, A.Y. Zherebker, M.A. Andzhushev, V.A. Lebedev, E. Bulygina, R.M. Holmes, Y.I. Kostyukevich, I.A. Popov, and E.N. Nikolaev. 2014. Molecular mapping of sorbent selectivities with respect to isolation of Arctic dissolved organic matter as measured by Fourier transform mass spectrometry. Environmental Science and Technology 48:7461-7468, doi:10.1021/es5015423. Secondary
  • Peterse, F., J.E. Vonk, R.M. Holmes, L. Giosan, N. Zimov, and T.I. Eglinton.  2014.  Branched glycerol dialkylglycerol tetraethers in Arctic lake sediments: Sources and implications for paleothermometry at high latitudes, Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 119, 1738-1754, doi:10.1002/2014JG002639. Secondary
  • Rontani J.F., Charriere B., Sempéré R., Doxaran D., Vaultier F., Vonk J.E., Volkman J.K. Degradation of sterols and terrigenous organic matter in waters of the Mackenzie Shelf, Canadian Arctic. Organic Geochemistry, 2014, 75, p. 61-73. ISSN 0146-6380. Tertiary
  • Tremblay J.-É., P. Raimbault, N. Garcia, B. Lansard, M. Babin, and J. Gagnon. 2014.  Impact of river discharge, upwelling and vertical mixing on the nutrient loading and productivity of the Canadian Beaufort Shelf.  Biogeosciences, 11:4853-4868, doi:10.5194/bg-11-4853-2014. Tertiary


  • Anderson, L.G., P.S. Andersson, G. Björk, E.P. Jones, S. Jutterström, and I. Wåhlström.  2013.  Source and formation of the upper halocline of the Arctic Ocean.  Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 118:410–421, doi:10.1029/2012JC008291. Tertiary
  • Denfeld, B.A., K.E. Frey, W.V. Sobczak, P.J. Mann, and R.M. Holmes. 2013. Summer CO2 evasion from streams and rivers in the Kolyma River basin, north-east Siberia. Polar Research 32, 19704, [download pdf] Secondary
  • Holmes, R.M., M.T. Coe, G.J. Fiske, T. Gurtovaya, J.W. McClelland, A.I. Shiklomanov, R.G.M. Spencer, S.E. Tank, A.V. Zhulidov. 2013. Climate change impacts on the hydrology and biogeochemistry of Arctic Rivers, in Global Impacts of Climate Change on Inland Waters, edited by C. R. Goldman, M. Kumagai, and R. D. Robarts, Wiley. [download pdf] Primary
  • Jaffe, Rudolf; Ding, Yan; Niggemann, Jutta; Vahatalo, Anssi V.; Stubbins, Aron; Spencer, Robert G. M.; Campbell, John; Dittmar, Thorsten. 2013. Global charcoal mobilization from soils via dissolution and riverine transport to the oceans. Science. 340(6130): 345-347. Secondary
  • Kicklighter, D.W., D.J. Hayes, J.W. McClelland, B.J. Peterson, A.D. McGuire, and J.M. Melillo. 2013. Insights and issues with simulating terrestrial DOC loading of Arctic river networks. Ecological Applications, 23:1817-1836. Secondary
  • Le Fouest, V., Babin, M., and Tremblay, J.-É.: The fate of riverine nutrients on Arctic shelves, Biogeosciences, 10, 3661-3677, doi:10.5194/bg-10-3661-2013, 2013. Tertiary
  • Robbins, L.L., J.G. Wynn , J.T. Lisle, K.K. Yates, P.O. Knorr, R.H. Byrne, X. Liu, M.C. Patsavas, K. Azetsu-Scott, T. Takahashi.  2013.  Baseline monitoring of the western Arctic Ocean estimates 20% of Canadian Basin surface waters Are undersaturated with respect to aragonite. PLoS ONE 8(9), e73796, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0073796. Tertiary
  • Spencer, R.G.M., Aiken, G.R., Dornblaser, M.M., Butler, K.D., Holmes, R.M., Fiske, G., Mann, P.J., Stubbins, A. 2013. Chromophoric dissolved organic matter export from U.S. rivers. Geophysical Research Letters 40: doi:10.1002/grl.50357. Secondary
  • Torres-Valdés, S., T. Tsubouchi, S. Bacon, A.C. Naveira-Garabato, R. Sanders, F.A. McLaughlin, B. Petrie, G. Kattner, K. Azetsu-Scott, and T.E. Whitledge .  2013.  Export of nutrients from the Arctic Ocean.  Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 118:1625-1644, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20063. Tertiary
  • Vonk, J.E., Mann, P.J., Davydov, S., Davydova, A., Spencer, R.G.M., Schade, J., Sobczak, W., Zimov, N., Zimov, S., Bulygina, E., Eglinton, T.I., Holmes, R.M. 2013. High biolability of ancient permafrost carbon upon thaw. Geophysical Research Letters 40: doi:10.1002/grl.50348. Secondary
  • Vonk, J.E., Mann, P.J., Dowdy, K.L., Davydova, A., Davydov, S.P., Zimov, N., Spencer, R.G.M., Bulygina, E.B., Eglinton, T.I., Holmes, R.M. 2013. Dissolved organic carbon loss from Yedoma permafrost amplified by ice wedge thaw. Environmental Research Letters 8: doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035023. [download pdf] Secondary
  • Walker, S. A., R.M.W. Amon, and C.A. Stedmon (2013), Variations in high-latitude riverine fluorescent dissolved organic matter: A comparison of large Arctic rivers, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 118, 1689–1702, doi:10.1002/2013JG002320. Tertiary


  • Alling, V., D. Porcelli, C.-M. Mörth, L.G. Anderson, L. Sanchez-Garcia, Ö.  Gustafsson, P.S. Andersson, and C. Humborg.  2012.  Degradation of terrestrial organic carbon, primary production and out-gassing of CO2 in the Laptev and East Siberian Seas as inferred from d13C values of DIC.  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 95:143-159, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2012.07.028. Tertiary
  • Amon, R.M.W., A J. Rinehart, S. Duan, P. Louchouarn, A. Prokushkin, G. Guggenberger, D. Bauch, C. Stedmon, P.A. Raymond, R.M. Holmes, J.W. McClelland, B.J. Peterson, S.A. Walker, A.V. Zhulidov. 2012. Dissolved organic matter sources in large arctic rivers. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 94:217-237. Primary
  • Dodd, P.A., B. Rabe, E. Hansen, E. Falck, A. Mackensen, E. Rohling, C. Stedmon, and S. Kristiansen.  2012.  The freshwater composition of the Fram Strait outflow derived from a decade of tracer measurements.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C11005, doi:10.1029/2012JC008011. Tertiary
  • Granskog, M.A., C.A. Stedmon, P.A. Dodd, R M.W. Amon, A.K. Pavlov, L. de Steur, and E. Hansen. 2012.  Characteristics of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in the Arctic outflow in the Fram Strait: Assessing the changes and fate of terrigenous CDOM in the Arctic Ocean.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C12021, doi:10.1029/2012JC008075. Tertiary
  • Holmes, R.M., J.W. McClelland, B.J. Peterson, S.E. Tank, E. Bulygina, T.I. Eglinton, V.V. Gordeev, T.Y. Gurtovaya, P.A. Raymond, D.J. Repeta, R. Staples, R.G. Striegl, A.V. Zhulidov, and S.A. Zimov. 2012. Seasonal and annual fluxes of nutrients and organic matter from large rivers to the Arctic Ocean and surrounding seas. Estuaries and Coasts 35:369-382, doi: 10.1007/s12237-011-9386-6. [download pdf] Primary
  • Klunder, M.B., D. Bauch, P. Laan, H.J.W. de Baar, S. van Heuven, and S. Ober.  2012.  Dissolved iron in the Arctic shelf seas and surface waters of the central Arctic Ocean: Impact of Arctic river water and ice-melt.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C01027, doi:10.1029/2011JC007133. Tertiary
  • Lansard, B., A. Mucci, L. A. Miller, R. W. Macdonald, and Y. Gratton.  2012.  Seasonal variability of water mass distribution in the southeastern Beaufort Sea determined by total alkalinity and d18O, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C03003, doi:10.1029/2011JC007299. Tertiary
  • Mann, P.J., A. Davidova, N. Zimov, R.G.M. Spencer, S. Davidov, E. Bulygina, S. Zimov, and R.M. Holmes. 2012. Controls on the composition and lability of dissolved organic matter in Siberia's Kolyma River basin. Journal of Geophysical Research 117, G01028, doi:10.1029/2011JG001798, [download pdf] Secondary
  • McClelland, J.W., R.M. Holmes, K.H. Dunton, and R. Macdonald. 2012. The Arctic Ocean estuary. Estuaries and Coasts 35:353-368, DOI 10.1007/s12237-010-9357-3. [download pdf] Primary
  • Spencer, R.G.M., Butler, K.D., Aiken, G.R. 2012. Dissolved organic carbon and chromophoric dissolved organic matter properties of rivers in the U.S.A. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 117: G03001, doi:10.1029/2011JG001928. Secondary
  • Striegl, R.G., Dornblaser, M.M., McDonald, C.P., Rover, J.R., and Stets, E.G., 2012, Carbon dioxide and methane emissions from the Yukon River system, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, GB0E05, doi: 10.1029/2012GB004306. [download pdf] Secondary
  • Tank, S.E., M. Manizza, R.M. Holmes, J.W. McClelland, and B.J. Peterson. 2012. The processing and impact of dissolved riverine nitrogen in the Arctic Ocean. Estuaries and Coasts 35:401-415, doi:10.1007/s12237-011-9417-3. [download pdf] Primary
  • Tank, S.E., P.A. Raymond, R.G. Striegl, J.W. McClelland, R.M. Holmes, G J. Fiske, and B.J. Peterson. 2012. A land-to-ocean perspective on the magnitude, source and implication of DIC flux from major Arctic rivers to the Arctic Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 26, GB4018, doi:10.1029/2011GB004192. [download pdf] Primary
  • Tank, S.E., K.E. Frey, R.G. Striegl, P.A. Raymond, R.M. Holmes, J.W. McClelland, and B.J. Peterson. 2012. Landscape-level controls on dissolved carbon flux from diverse catchments of the circumboreal. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 26, GB0E02, doi:10.1029/2012GB004299. [download pdf] Primary
  • Wickland, K.P., G.R. Aiken, K. Butler, M.M. Dornblaser, R.G.M. Spencer, and R.G. Striegl.  2012.  Biodegradability of dissolved organic carbon in the Yukon River and its tributaries: Seasonality and importance of inorganic nitrogen.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, GB0E03, doi:10.1029/2012GB004342. Secondary
  • Xie H., S. Bélanger,  G. Song, R. Benner, A. Taalba, M. Blais, J.-É Tremblay, and M. Babin.  2012.  Photoproduction of ammonium in the southeastern Beaufort Sea and its biogeochemical implications.  Biogeosciences, 9: 3047–3061, doi:10.5194/bg-9-3047-2012. Tertiary
  • Yi, Y., J.J. Gibson, L.W. Cooper, J-F. Hélie, S.J. Birks, J.W. McClelland, R.M. Holmes, B.J. Peterson. 2012. Isotopic signals (18O, 2H, 3H) of six major rivers draining the Pan-Arctic watershed. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 26, GB1027, doi:10.1029/2011GB004159. [download pdf] Primary


  • Chierici, M., A. Fransson, B. Lansard, L.A. Miller, A. Mucci, E. Shadwick, H. Thomas, J.-E. Tremblay, and T. N. Papakyriakou.  2011.  Impact of biogeochemical processes and environmental factors on the calcium carbonate saturation state in the Circumpolar Flaw Lead in the Amundsen Gulf, Arctic Ocean.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C00G09, doi:10.1029/2011JC007184. Tertiary
  • Griffin, C.G., K.E. Frey, J. Rogan, and R.M. Holmes. 2011. Spatial and interannual variability of dissolved organic matter in the Kolyma River, East Siberia, observed using satellite imagery. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, G03018, doi:10.1029/2010JG001634. [download pdf] Secondary
  • Holmes, R.M., J.W. McClelland, B.J. Peterson, P.A. Raymond, S.E. Tank, and A.V. Zhulidov. 2011: River Biogeochemistry [in Arctic Report Card 2011], Primary
  • Letscher, R.T., D.A. Hansell, and D. Kadko. 2011. Rapid removal of terrigenous dissolved organic carbon over the Eurasian shelves of the Arctic Ocean. Marine Chemistry 123:78-87, DOI 10.1016/j.marchem.2010.10.002. Tertiary
  • Manizza, M., M.J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz, D. Menemenlis, J.W. McClelland, C.N. Hill, B.J. Peterson, and R.M. Key. 2011. A model of the Arctic Ocean carbon cycle, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C12020, doi:10.1029/2011JC006998. [download pdf] Secondary
  • Miller, C.A., B. Peucker-Ehrenbrink, B.D. Walker, and F. Marcantonio. 2011. Re-assessing the surface cycling of molybdenum and rhenium. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 75:7146-7179. Secondary
  • Prokushkin, A.S., O.S. Pokrovsky, L.S. Shirokova, M.A. Korets, J. Viers, S.G. Prokushkin, R.M.W. Amon, G. Guggenberger, and W.H. McDowell.  2011.  Sources and the flux pattern of dissolved carbon in rivers of the Yenisey basin draining the Central Siberian Plateau.  Environmental Research Letters, 6, 045212, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/045212. Tertiary
  • Shadwick, E.H., H. Thomas, Y. Gratton, D. Leong, S.A. Moore, T. Papakyriakou, A.E.F., Prowe.  2011.  Export of Pacific carbon through the Arctic Archipelago to the North Atlantic.  Continental Shelf Research, 31:806-816, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2011.01.014. Tertiary
  • Stedmon, C A., R.M.W. Amon, A.J. Rinehart, and S.A. Walker. 2011. The supply and characteristics of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in the Arctic Ocean: pan arctic trends and differences. Marine Chemistry 124:108-118. Tertiary


  • Alkire, M.B., K.K. Falkner, J. Morison, R.W. Collier, C.K. Guay, R.A. Desiderio, I.G. Rigor, and M. McPhee.  2010.  Sensor-based profiles of the NO parameter in the central Arctic and southern Canada Basin: New insights regarding the cold halocline.  Deep-Sea Research I, 57:1432-1443, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.07.011. Tertiary
  • Alling, V., L. Sanchez-Garcia, D. Porcelli, S. Pugach, J.E. Vonk, B. van Dongen, C.-M. Mörth,  L.G. Anderson, A. Sokolov, P. Andersson, C. Humborg, I. Semiletov, and Ö. Gustafsson. 2010.  Nonconservative behavior of dissolved organic carbon across the Laptev and East Siberian seas.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB4033, doi:10.1029/2010GB003834. Tertiary
  • Azetsu-Scott, K., A. Clarke, K. Falkner, J. Hamilton, E.P. Jones, C. Lee, B. Petrie, S. Prinsenberg, M. Starr, and P. Yeats.  2010.  Calcium carbonate saturation states in the waters of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and the Labrador Sea.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, C11021, doi:10.1029/2009JC005917. Tertiary
  • McGuire, A.D., D.J. Hayes, D.W. Kicklighter, M. Manizza, Q. Zhuang, M. Chen, M.J. Follows, K.R. Gurney, J.W. McClelland, J.M. Melillo, B.J. Peterson, and R.G. Prinn. 2010. An analysis of the carbon balance of the Arctic Basin from 1997 to 2006. Tellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology 62:455-474. Secondary
  • Overduin P.P., S.M. Solomon, D.E. Atkinson, S.R. Dallimore, H. Eicken, D.L. Forbes, M. Grigoriev, R.M. Holmes, T.S. James, G.K. Manson, J.W. McClelland, D. Mueller, R. Odegard, S. Ogorodov, A. Proshutinsky, and S. Wetterich.  2011.  Physical State of the Circum-Arctic Coast.  Pages 11-39 in: Forbes, D.L. (ed.), State of the Arctic Coast 2010 - Scientific Review and Outlook.  International Arctic Science Committee, Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone, Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, International Permafrost Association. Helmholtz-Zentrum, Geesthacht, Germany. [].  Secondary


  • Abrahamsen, E.P., M. P. Meredith, K.K. Falkner, S. Torres-Valdes, M.J. Leng, M.B. Alkire, S. Bacon, S.W. Laxon, I. Polyakov, and V. Ivanov.  2009.  Tracer-derived freshwater composition of the Siberian continental shelf and slope following the extreme Arctic summer of 2007.  Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L07602, doi:10.129/2009GL037341. Tertiary
  • Bates, N.R., J. T. Mathis, and L.W. Cooper.  2009.  Ocean acidification and biologically induced seasonality of carbonate mineral saturation states in the western Arctic Ocean.   Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, C11007, doi:10.1029/2008JC004862. Secondary
  • Bring, A., and Destouni, G.  2009. Hydrological and hydrochemical observation status in the pan-Arctic drainage basin. Polar Research, 28, 327-338. Tertiary
  • Crump, B.C., B.J. Peterson, P.A. Raymond, R.M.W. Amon, A. Rinehart, J.W. McClelland, and R.M. Holmes. 2009. Circumpolar synchrony in big river bacterioplankton. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106:21208-21212. Primary
  • Frank, M., D. Porcelli, P. Andersson, M. Baskaran, G. Björk, P.W. Kubik, B. Hattendorf, and D. Guenther.  The dissolved Beryllium isotope composition of the Arctic Ocean.  2009.  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73:6114–6133, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2009.07.010. Tertiary
  • Fransson, A., M. Chieric, and Y. Nojiri.  2009.  New insights into the spatial variability of the surface water carbon dioxide in varying sea ice conditions in the Arctic Ocean.  Continental Shelf Research, 29:1317-1328, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2009.03.008. Tertiary
  • Frey, K.E. and J.W. McClelland. 2009. Impacts of permafrost degradation on arctic river biogeochemistry. Hydrological Processes 23:169-182. Secondary
  • Guay, C.K.H., F.A. McLaughlin, and M. Yamamoto-Kawai.  2009.  Differentiating fluvial components of upper Canada Basin waters on the basis of measurements of dissolved barium combined with other physical and chemical tracers.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, C00A09, doi:10.1029/2008JC005099. Tertiary
  • Manizza, M., M. J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz, J.W. McClelland, D. Menemenlis, C.N. Hill, A. Townsend-Small, and B.J. Peterson. 2009. Modeling transport and fate of riverine dissolved organic carbon in the Arctic Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 23, DOI 10.1029/2008gb003396. Secondary
  • Spencer, R.G.M., Aiken, G.R., Butler, K.D., Dornblaser, M.M., Striegl, R.G., Hernes, P.J. 2009. Utilizing chromophoric dissolved organic matter measurements to derive export and reactivity of dissolved organic carbon exported to the Arctic Ocean: A case study of the Yukon River, Alaska. Geophysical Research Letters 36: L06401, doi:10.1029/ 2008GL036831. Secondary
  • Walker, S.A., R.M.W. Amon, C. Stedmon, S. Duan, and P. Louchouarn. 2009. The use of PARAFAC modeling to trace terrestrial dissolved organic matter and fingerprint water masses in coastal Canadian Arctic surface waters. Journal of Geophysical Research 114, G00F06, doi:10.1029/2009JG000990. Tertiary
  • Yamamoto-Kawai, M., F.A. McLaughlin, E.C. Carmack, S. Nishino, K. Shimada, and N. Kurita.  2009.  Surface freshening of the Canada Basin, 2003–2007: River runoff versus sea ice meltwater.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, C00A05, doi:10.1029/2008JC005000. Tertiary
  • Zimmermann, B., D. Porcelli, M. Frank, P. S. Andersson, M. Baskaran, D. C. Lee, and A. N. Halliday. 2009. Hafnium isotopes in Arctic Ocean water. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 73:3218-3233. Tertiary


  • Cooper, L.W., J.W. McClelland, R.M. Holmes, P.A. Raymond, J.J. Gibson, C.K. Guay, and B.J. Peterson. 2008. Flow-weighted values of runoff tracers (delta 18O, DOC, Ba, alkalinity) from the six largest Arctic rivers. Geophysical Research Letters 35:L18606, doi:10.1029/2008GL035007. Primary
  • Jones, E.P., L.G. Anderson, S. Jutterström, L. Mintrop, and J. H. Swift.  2008.  Pacific freshwater, river water and sea ice meltwater across Arctic Ocean basins: Results from the 2005 Beringia Expedition.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C08012, doi:10.1029/2007JC004124. Tertiary
  • McClelland, J. W., R. M. Holmes, B. J. Peterson, R. Amon, T. Brabets, L. Cooper, J. Gibson, V. V. Gordeev, C. Guay, D. Milburn, T. Staples, P. A. Raymond, I. Shiklomanov, R. Striegl, A. Zhulidov, T. Gurtovaya, and S. Zimov. 2008. Development of a pan-arctic database for river chemistry. EOS 89:217-218. [download pdf] Primary
  • Spencer, R.G.M., Aiken, G.R., Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., Hernes, P.J. 2008. Seasonal and spatial variability in dissolved organic matter quantity and composition from the Yukon River Basin, Alaska. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 22: GB4002, doi:10.1029/ 2008GB003231. Secondary
  • Yamamoto-Kawai, M., F. A. McLaughlin, E. C. Carmack, S. Nishino, and K. Shimada.  2008.  Freshwater budget of the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, from salinity, d18O, and nutrients.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C01007, doi:10.1029/2006JC003858. Tertiary


  • Andersen, M.B., C.H. Stirling, D. Porcelli, A.N. Halliday, P.S. Andersson, and M. Baskaran. 2007. The tracing of riverine U in Arctic seawater with very precise U-234/U-238 measurements. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 259:171-185. Tertiary
  • Frey, K.E., J.W. McClelland, R.M. Holmes, and L.C. Smith. 2007. Impacts of climate warming and permafrost thaw on the riverine transport of nitrogen and phosphorus to the Kara Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 112:Doi 10.1029/2006jg000369. Secondary
  • Raymond, P.A., J.W. McClelland, R.M. Holmes, A.V. Zhulidov, K. Mull, B.J. Peterson, R.G. Striegl, G.R. Aiken, and T.Y. Gurtovaya. 2007. Flux and age of dissolved organic carbon exported to the Arctic Ocean: A carbon isotopic study of the five largest arctic rivers. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21:GB4011, doi:10.1029/2007GB002934. Primary
  • White, D., L. Hinzman, L. Alessa, J. Cassano, M. Chambers, K. Falkner, J. Francis, W. J. Gutowski, M. Holland, R. M. Holmes, H. Huntington, D. Kane, A. Kliskey, C. Lee, J. McClelland, B. Peterson, T. S. Rupp, F. Straneo, M. Steele, R. Woodgate, D. Yang, K. Yoshikawa, and T. Zhang. 2007. The arctic freshwater system: Changes and impacts. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 112:G04S54, doi:10.1029/2006JG000353. Secondary


  • McClelland, J.W., S.J. Dery, B.J. Peterson, R.M. Holmes, and E.F. Wood. 2006. A pan-arctic evaluation of changes in river discharge during the latter half of the 20th century. Geophysical Research Letters 33:L06715, doi:10.1029/2006GL025753. Primary
  • Peterson, B.J., J. McClelland, R. Curry, R.M. Holmes, J. Walsh, and K. Aagaard. 2006. Trajectory shifts in the Arctic and Subarctic Freshwater Cycle. Science 313:1061-1066. Primary


  • Cooper, L.W., R. Benner, J.W. McClelland, B.J. Peterson, R.M. Holmes, P.A. Raymond, D.A. Hansell, J.M. Grebmeier, and L.A. Codispoti. 2005. Linkages among runoff, dissolved organic carbon, and the stable oxygen isotope composition of seawater and other water mass indicators in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 110:G02013, doi:10.1029/2005JG000031. Primary


  • McClelland, J.W., R.M. Holmes, B.J. Peterson, and M. Stieglitz. 2004. Increasing river discharge in the Eurasian Arctic: Consideration of dams, permafrost thaw, and fires as potential agents of change. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 109:D18102, doi:10.1029/2004JD004583.Primary


  • Köhler,H., B. Meon, V.V. Gordeev, A. Spitzy , R.M.W. Amon, 2003. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the estuaries of Ob and Yenisei and the adjacent Kara-Sea, Russia. Proceedings in Marine Science, 6: 281-309. Secondary


  • Holmes, R.M., J.W. McClelland, B.J. Peterson, I.A. Shiklomanov, A.I. Shiklomanov, A.V. Zhulidov, V.V. Gordeev, and N.N. Bobrovitskaya. 2002. A circumpolar perspective on fluvial sediment flux to the Arctic Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16:1098, doi:10.1029/2001GB001849. [download pdf] Primary
  • Peterson, B.J., R. M. Holmes, J.W. McClelland, C.J. Vorosmarty, R.B. Lammers, A.I. Shiklomanov, I.A. Shiklomanov, and S. Rahmstorf. 2002. Increasing river discharge to the Arctic Ocean. Science 298:2171-2173. [download pdf] Primary

Pre-PARTNERS Foundational Publications (not included in publication count)

  • Holmes, R.M., B.J. Peterson, A.V. Zhulidov, V.V. Gordeev, P.N. Makkaveev, P.A. Stunzas, L.S. Kosmenko, G.H. Kohler, A.I. Shiklomanov. 2001. Nutrient chemistry of the Ob' and Yenisey rivers, Siberia: results from June 2000 expedition and evaluation of long-term data sets. Marine Chemistry 75(3):219-227 [download pdf].


  • Holmes, R.M., B.J. Peterson, V.V. Gordeev, A.V. Zhulidov, M. Meybeck, R.B. Lammers, and C.J. Vörösmarty. 2000. Flux of nutrients from Russian rivers to the Arctic Ocean: Can we establish a baseline against which to judge future changes? Water Resources Research 36:2309-2320. [download pdf]